Deuteronomy 31:1 And Moses went and spoke אֶת־ these words to all Israel. 2 And he said to them, I am 120 years old this day; I cannot go out and come in anymore: and ויהוה said to me, You will not cross over אֶת־ the Jordan this day. C-MATS
Question: Why did Moses say “I am 120 years old this day”? Today my days and years were fulfilled; on this day I was born (Moses’ birthday), and on this day I shall die… This is to teach us that יהוה fulfills the years of the righteous to the day and to the month, as it is written (Exodus 23:26): “אֶת־ the number of your days I will fulfill (You will live out the full span of your lives).” Chumash
Question: What does it mean by “I cannot go out and come in anymore”? Did this mean physically he was too old to go into the Promised Land? Scripture states regarding Moses, “And Moses was 120 years old when he died: his eyes were undimmed and his vigor undiminished.” (Deuteronomy 34:7), which teaches us that his powers were intact even on the day of his passing. So what then is the meaning of “I cannot go out”? Here it means: “I am not permitted,” because authority was taken from him and granted to Joshua. Chumash
Deuteronomy 31:6 Be strong and be bold, do not fear, or be afraid of them: because יהוה your Elohim goes with you; He will not fail you or forsake you. 7 And Moses called to Y’hoshua and said to him in the sight of all Israel, Be strong and be bold: because אַתָּה you must go with אֶת־ people to the land which יהוה has sworn to their fathers to give them וְאַתָּה and you will cause אֹותָם them to inherit it. C-MATS
Question: What commandment did Moses give Joshua? Does this commandment apply to us today? Moses called Joshua and said to him in the presence of all Israel, “Be strong and be bold, do not fear.” We too must be strong and courageous and overcome all temptations to sin. We must not fear men but trust יהוה in all things.