BEREISHIS (in the beginning)

The FIRST Testament (Old Testament) starts with the Pentateuch or Torah (instructions), and is comprised of 5 sections: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. The word Genesis means In the Beginning and the author of the Book is not identified but traditionally, the author has always been assumed to be Moses and there is no conclusive reason to deny this. The Book of Genesis does not state when it was written but scholars have argued the dates of authorship is sometime approximately between 1450 and 1400 B.C., which is the approximate time that Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt and the approximate time of Moses’ death. The Torah is not just a history book, but the charter of man’s mission in the universe. This is why Genesis is called the Book of Creation: The real meaning of creation is not primarily the story of mountains and valleys, of oceans and deserts, or even of human and animal life. Creation is the story of the birth of Israel, the nation that inherited the task of Adam and Eve. In this first Book of the Torah we trace Israel’s story from the life of Abraham and Sarah until their offspring develop into a family and then a nation.

1:1 In the beginning created, Elohim את the heavens וְאת and the earth. C-MATS

Question: Who made the heavens and the earth? Genesis 1:1 links the working of יהוה through את Messiah as the Creator as John states in John 1:1-3 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with Elohim, and the Word was Elohim. 2 The same was in the beginning with Elohim. 3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.

Question: What does the word created mean, “In the beginning, Elohim את created” (1:1)? The Hebrew verb bara (“created”) employed by this verse specifically means the creation of something from nothing.

Question: When did time begin? In the beginning (1:1) refers to the beginning of time –the first, indivisible moment, before which time did not exist. Time was the first creation; thus the first commandment is the dedication of time by setting the months and seasons of the Hebrew calendar.

2 And the earth was (became) chaos and void; and darkness was over the surfaces of the abyss. The Spirit of Elohim vibrated (moved, hovered) over the surface of the waters. 3 And Elohim said, Let there be (cause) light and there was light. C-MATS

Question: What is the first statement in Creation? And ELOHIM said, “Let there be light!” and there was light. Each individual is made up of Light. “Light” is therefore the purpose of each person: that he transforms his situation and environment from darkness and negativity to one of light and goodness.

#1 Bresheet