VAYETZE (and he went out)

Ladder from heaven

Genesis 28:10 Jacob went out from Beer-sheba and went toward Haran (burning anger). C-MATS

Question: Who did Jacob encounter along the way? After Jacob left, Esau sent his son Eliphaz to kill him. Eliphaz pursued Jacob and caught up with him, but was then faced with a dilemma: on the one hand, he was duty-bound to obey his father’s command to kill Jacob; on the other hand, because he had been raised by his righteous grandfather, Isaac, his conscience got the better of him and he could not bring himself to kill his uncle Jacob. So he decided to ask Jacob himself what he should do. In response, Jacob gave Eliphaz all his possessions, pointing out to him that the Torah views a poor person as dead because he lacks resources with which to influence other people. Eliphaz could now therefore tell his father that he had indeed left Jacob “dead.” Jashar

Genesis 28:11 And he came upon the certain place and stayed there all night, because the sun had already set; and he took some stones from that place and put them as his pillows and lay down in that place to sleep. C-MATS

Question: Where was that “certain place” that Jacob went? “The place” is Mount Moriah (the “Temple Mount” in Jerusalem, where Abraham had bound Isaac upon the altar and where King Solomon would erect יהוה’s Temple). This is where his father and grandfather had prayed also.

Genesis 28:12 And he dreamed and there was a ladder set up on the earth and the top of it reached to heaven: and the angels of Elohim were ascending and descending on it. C-MATS

Question: Why were the angels going up and down the ladder? The angels, which are יהוה’s agents in carrying out יהוה’s guidance of earthly affairs, constantly go up to heaven to receive His commands and then come back to earth to carry them out through the gate of heaven. Jacob and the Hebrew nation however are under the direct guidance of יהוה who is atop the ladder. We are spoken to directly as led by His Spirit. Chumash