The word Deuteronomy means Words and the author of the Book is Moses as stated in Deuteronomy 1:1. Someone else, perhaps Y’hoshua (Joshua) may have written the last chapter. These sermons were given during the 40-day period prior to Israels entering the Promised Land. The first sermon was delivered on the 1st day of the 11th month (1:3) and the Israelites crossed the Jordan 70 days later, on the 10th day of the 1st month (Joshua 4:19) the exact same day Y’shua would ride into Jerusalem on a donkey. Subtract 30 days of mourning after Moses death (Deut 34:8) and were left with 40 days. The year was approximately between 1410 and 1400 B.C.
Aleph/Tav את Used in DEUTERONOMY: אֶת et 0 times, אֶת־ et- 385 times, אֵת eet 38 times, אֶת־ Et- 11 times, אֵת Eet 1 time, אָתְּ aat 0 times, אָתְּ at 0 times, אַתְּ 0 times, אַתְּ־ at- 0 times = Total 435
Vav/Aleph/Tav ואת Wa‘at וְאַתְּ 1 time, Wa‘eet וְאֵת 14 times, Wa‘et- וְאֶת־ 80 times = 95 Grand Total 530
44. PARSHA (1) DEVARIM (words) (Deuteronomy 1:1-3:22)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: I love how in Deut 1:5 it states, Moses began to declare את Torah. What a great way to start Deuteronomy! According to John 1:14 Y’shua was the WORD made FLESH and tabernacled among us and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and Truth. Deut 1:34 states, And heard יהוה את voice of your words…signifying both יהוה and את heard the people’s murmurings TOGETHER and became angered. Deut 1:43 Moses is recounting how he spoke to the Israelites and states, but rebelled against את commandment of יהוה and took matters in your own hands and went up the hill…again confirming the protocol of the Yah-head that man must go through to approach יהוה Father is through את Y’shua His Son, whether it is in rebellion against את commandments or to give honor and praise to יהוה Father, just as Y’shua said in John 14:6 I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by Me…this is the protocol יהוה both with and through את together as ONE and it has never changed! Again all through this Parsha we see the את before covenant peoples, persons, places and things, such as…Deut 1:8 I have set before you את the land; Deut 1:15 So I took את chief of your tribes; Deut 1:16 And I warned את your judges; Deut 1:41 And when had armed every man את his weapons for war…just to name a few of the את highlights.
45. PARSHA (2) VAETCHANAN (and I pleaded) (Deuteronomy 3:23-7:11)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: Deut 3:24 is so POWERFUL…it proclaims to us, as את servants, that את Y’shua is the GREAT וְאֶת־ and MIGHTY HAND of יהוה Father! The TWO working together as ONE to redeem mankind! Deut 4:2 is the legendary command NOT to add to or take away from Torah but you will keep את commandments of יהוה your Elohim…again, implying protocol as to how the 12 tribes received יהוה Father’s commandments at Mt Sinai. In Deut 4:10 Moses is recounting when יהוה Father commanded him (Moses) to gather את people before Him and He would make them hear את My words and goes on to say in Deut 4:13, And He declared to you את His covenant, which He commanded you to obey the Ten Commandments…implying the covenants with יהוה Father are made through His Son את Y’shua, whom יהוה Father has appointed as mediator. In Deut 4:23 Moses continues, Be cautious not to forget את the Covenant of יהוה your Elohim…and encourages them in Deut 4:29, But if you will seek את יהוה your Elohim, you will find Him, if you seek Him with all your heart and with all your soul…implying again, protocol on how to approach יהוה Father and in Deut 4:31 Moses says, יהוה your Elohim will not forget את covenant of your fathers, which He swore to them. Continuing in Deut 4:36 Moses says that יהוה made you to hear את His voice out of heaven, that He might instruct you: and upon earth He showed you את His great fire…implying that יהוה Father speaks through His את Son Y’shua from Heaven, meaning they speak together as ONE VOICE! Deut 4:40 You will keep therefore את His statutes, His commandments…this is how Y’shua could claim that יהוה Father’s commandments were also His commandments (same commandments) in John 15:8 Herein is My Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be My disciples…10 If ye keep My commandments, ye shall abide in My love; even as I have kept My Father’s commandments, and abide in His love.
Deuteronomy chapter 5 recounts the 10 Commandments again exactly as in Exodus 20 and begins in Deut 5:1 And Moses called all Israel and said to them, Hear, O Israel, את the statutes and judgments. The את is only used in three (3) of the 10 commandments…1). 3rd Commandment: Deut 5:11 commands us, not take את Name of יהוה your Elohim in vain: neither will hold him guiltless יהוה את that takes את Name in vain…2). 4th Commandment: Deut 5:12 to keep את Day, the Sabbath to sanctify it as יהוה your Elohim has commanded you…15 therefore commanded you יהוה your Elohim to keep את Day, the Sabbath…3). 5th Commandment: Deut 5:16 to Honor את your father and your mother. Beginning in Deut 5:1 Moses states, Hear, O Israel, את the statutes and judgments that I speak in your ears this day, so that you may learn them and keep them and do them.
Who spoke from Mt Sinai? Deut 5:22 states, את words spoke יהוה to all your assembly on the mount out of the midst of the fire, cloud and thick darkness in a loud voice…Deut 5:23 states, when you heard את the voice out of the midst of the darkness…Deut 5:24 claims that, Behold, has shown us יהוה our Elohim את His glory and His greatness…we have seen this day that Elohim את does speak with man and he lives…Deut 5:25 states, if we hear את the voice of יהוה our Elohim any more, then we will die…Deut 5:27 states, Go near and hear את all that יהוה our Elohim says: and speak to us את all that יהוה our Elohim speaks to you; and we will hear it and do it. Deut 5:28 states both יהוה and את heard the voice of the people. Gen 1:1 says ‘Elohim את’, so it could have only been both יהוה Father and את Y’shua His Son who spoke from Mt Sinai TOGETHER as ONE VOICE because both SMOKE and FIRE descended upon the mountain, which are the TWO physical manifestations of the Yah-head.
In Deut 6:2,13 and 24 Moses repeats 3 times in this chapter saying, That you might FEAR את יהוה your Elohim to keep את all His statutes and His commandments… Deut 6:5 And you will LOVE את יהוה your Elohim with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might… Deut 6:16 You will NOT TEMPT את יהוה your Elohim. Keep in mind that the 10 Commandments are the Greatest and most Important Commandments ever given to man and they were proclaimed by the voice of את יהוה our Elohim to His את covenant people. They are everlasting commandments given for our very LIFE!
46. PARSHA (3) EKEV (Because) (Deuteronomy 7:12-11:25)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: Deut 7:20 starts off…את יהוה your Elohim…this describes the Yah-head perfectly…both are ONE and both work together and both make up the Hebrew word Elohim. Deut 7:12 states that if we listen to את judgments (commands) and keep and do them, then יהוה your Elohim will keep with you את the covenant. This makes it clear that Y’shua is the mediator of יהוה commandments and יהוה covenants to man. Deut 7:22 continuing, makes a promise that if we obey, then יהוה your Elohim, את will drive out those nations…that is to say, that יהוה through את will drive out those nations…יהוה Father and את Y’shua His Son working together as ONE protecting the covenant children who obey from their enemies. Deut 8:11 warns the Israelites…Beware that you do not forget את יהוה your Elohim by not keeping His commandments and His judgments and His statutes…Deut 8:14 When your heart is lifted up and you forget את יהוה your Elohim…Deut 8:18 But you must remember את יהוה your Elohim…Deut 8:19 But if you do forget את יהוה your Elohim…Deut 9:22 you provoked to wrath את יהוה…over and over again, את יהוה your Elohim working together and making covenant promises together as ONE with His covenant children of Israel’s 12 tribes.
47. PARSHA (4) REEH (see!) (Deuteronomy 11:26-16:17)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: Deut 11:27-29 describes the blessings as את blessing, if you obey the commandments of יהוה your Elohim. Deut 12:5 concerning יהוה Father’s Name states; You will come to the place which יהוה your Elohim will choose to put את His Name. Again, this is a picture of יהוה and את working together as ONE. Deut 12:28 states; Obey and hear את all these words which I command you…implication is that יהוה Father speaks His words through אתY’shua His Son and the Son glorifies the Father…and Deut 12:32 states; do whatsoever את commands you. In Deut 14:22-23 when speaking of the tithe from your את increase you could only eat it in the place of His Name so that you would learn to fear את יהוה your Elohim always…implying יהוה and את are ONE and worthy of our fear, our respect and our obedience.
In Deut 13:3 concerning the testing of a prophet it states, יהוה your Elohim is testing you to prove whether you love את יהוה your Elohim (Yah-head) with all your heart and with all your soul. In Deut 15:8 when dealing with our brothers the commandment states; you will open wide את your hand to your brother…which implies by covenant when we bless each other it is as if through את Messiah opens His hand to bless. Confirmation of this is when Y’shua speaks in Matt 25:40 ‘Assuredly, I say to you, inasmuch as you did it to one of the least of these My brethren, you did it to Me.’ Deut 16:5-6 recaps the את Passover again from Leviticus chapter 23 implying את Y’shua’s blood is represented in the sacrifice (lamb) as a type and foreshadow of Calvary. Deut 16:16 commands that three times a year all the Israelite males are to appear before את יהוה and they must not appear before את יהוה empty handed…again, confirmation of the Yah-head, Father and Son, working together as ONE.
48. PARSHA (5) SHOFTIM (judges) (Deuteronomy 16:18-21:9)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: In Deut 17:9 after someone is found worshipping other gods he is to be brought before the Levites who, will show you את sentence of judgment…implying the judgment and sentence will come from את…and if that man is found guilty he will be put to death as verse 12 indicates, because he does not listen to the judge or the priest who stands to minister before את יהוה your Elohim…implying the Levites minister before both את יהוה your Elohim (Yah-head). In Deut 17:14-19 regarding the appointment of a King it is commanded that the King should write his only copy of Torah and states; so that he may learn to fear את יהוה His Elohim, to keep את all the words of this Torah and these statutes and to do them…implying both את יהוה are ONE who should be feared equally. Deut 18:16 Moses recounts what the people said at Mt Sinai after hearing the 10 Commandments which states; do not let me hear את voice of יהוה my Elohim again…implying that it was את voice of who יהוה my Elohim who spoke to them from the fire on Mt Sinai. We must keep in mind Moses knew את voice when he heard Him speak, for Moses had spoken with Him intimately for years. There would be no fooling Moses on who was speaking but for us today, it remains somewhat a mystery whether it was both את and יהוה together who spoke or only את who spoke. Regardless of who spoke they worked as ONE by ONE SPIRIT communing by thought and are never separated from that communion. Deut 19:9 states; If you will keep את all these commandments and do them, which I command you this day to love את יהוה your Elohim…implying we are to love by obeying the commandments of את יהוה your Elohim. According to James 4:12 Y’shua is the lawgiver.
49. PARSHA (6) KI TETSE (when you go) (Deuteronomy 21:10-25:19)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: Deut 21:16 begins to talk about the commandment concerning the first-borns inheritance. As we know Y’shua was the first born and He redeemed the first born in Egypt by His blood but I find it very interesting that the verse describes his first born sons from two different wives as, (את his sons את)…with an את on each side as a marker of both being covenant children to him but the command is he will not play favorites because he may love one wife more than the other, but must deal truthfully and give the double portion only to the one born first to him, even if he does not love the first wife. The double את could imply the seriousness of the commandment and could also represent both Messiah and the first born son. It could also be doubled because the inheritance was to be a double portion.
50. PARSHA (7) KI TAVO (when you enter in) (Deuteronomy 26:1-29:9)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: Deut 26:7 is clear that it was both יהוה and את (Yah-head) who heard the voice of the את affliction of the covenant Israelites in bondage in Egypt. Deut 26:17 Is a beautiful proclamation by Moses speaking for the children of Israel who have declared that, את יהוה you have declared this day to be your Elohim! In Deut 27:26 is the conclusion, which states; Cursed is he who does not confirm all את words of this Torah by doing them. In Deut 28:58-59 is a warning that states; if you do not observe and do את Torah and fear את Name, the glorious and fearful את יהוה your Elohim, then will make wonderful יהוה את your plagues and the plagues of your descendants…Deut 28:61, every sickness and every plague, which is not written in the book of this Torah…implying both יהוה and את (Yah-head) will bring these plagues and we have seen the continuing fulfillment of this curse in our day with new sicknesses and diseases that have never existed which were not listed in the Torah.
51. PARSHA (8) NITSAVIM (you are standing) (Deuteronomy 29:10-30:20)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: Deut 29:10-29 talks about the seriousness of את His covenant ואת oath that the Israelites were taking that day before יהוה your Elohim and the consequences for those who choose to deliberately break the covenant by sin. Deut 29:15 establishes that את stands with the Israelites before יהוה and Deut 29:19 declared to the one who hears את words and says in his heart that he will have peace even though he will deliberately walk contrary to Torah the result will be disastrous…Deut 29:20 states; יהוה will not spare him, but the anger of יהוה and his jealousy will burn against that man and all the curses that are written in this book will settle upon him and will blot out יהוה את his name from under heavens…implying that judgment will come from יהוה Father through את Y’shua and destroy the man.
Deuteronomy chapter 30 begins with a prophecy יהוה spoke through Moses concerning the scattering of the 12 tribes (two houses) to the nations for their sin and rebellion and how their descendants will remember and begin to obey Torah and Deut 30:3 states; then will reverse יהוה your Elohim את your captivity and have compassion upon you and will return and gather you from all the nations, where יהוה your Elohim has scattered you…and verse 30:6 states; And will circumcise יהוה your Elohim את your heart ואת the heart of your descendants to love את יהוה your Elohim with all your heart and with all your soul, so that you may live…and Deut 30:8 states; And you will return and obey the voice of יהוה and do את all His commandments, which I command you this day…Deut 30:15 See, I have set before you this day את life ואת goodness ואת death ואת adversity…16 In this I command you this day to love את יהוה your Elohim, to walk in His ways and to keep His commandments and His statutes and His judgments, so that you may live and multiply…this prophecy probably started being fulfilled in 1948 as the House of Judah returned to Israel and became a nation and these verses imply the working of both יהוה and את to accomplish the future events together as ONE to bring the House of Israel (10 northern tribes) back to the covenant land, after Ezekiel chapter 38 and 39 and Zechariah chapter 14 are fulfilled.
52. PARSHA (9) VAYELECH (and he went) (Deuteronomy 31:1-30)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: Deut 31:9 states; And wrote Moses את Torah and delivered it to the priests…and verse 31:12 reiterates the purpose of את Torah stating; that they may hear and that they may learn and fear את יהוה your Elohim and observe and do את all the words of this Torah. In Deut 31:28 Moses gathers the את elders of the tribes stating; that I may speak to them in their ears את words and call to witness against them את the heaven ואת the earth. Moses did not trust them and knew that once he was not there they would become corrupt and sin against את יהוה our Elohim. So Moses delivers an anointed Prophetic Song to warn them…
53. PARSHA (10) HAAZINU (give ear) (Deuteronomy 32:1-52)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: Deut 32:1-43 is a Prophetic Song. Moses pleads a warning to the Children of Israel and what is amazing is there is not one את in any of the verses of the Song until he finishes and then Moses gives credit as to where the words of the prophetic song came from…Deut 32:44 states; And Moses came and spoke את all the words of this song in the hearing of the people, Deut 32:45 states; And Moses finished speaking את all these words to all Israel…and Deut 32:46 states; And he said to them, Take to heart all these words which I testify to you this day, which you will command את your children to observe to do את all the words of this Torah…Deut 32:47 For it is not a trivial matter for you; on the contrary IT IS YOUR LIFE!
54. PARSHA (11) SIMCHAT TORAH (Rejoicing in Torah) (Deut 33:1-34:12)
Also (Gen 1:1-2:3, Num 29:35-30:1)
Aleph/Tav ALERT: Just as in the Prophetic Song of Moses, here as Moses Blesses the את Children of Israel, there is not one את from Deut 33:2 through 29 which is the end of the chapter but as Deut 34:1 begins, immediately Moses gives credit as to who shows him the Promised Covenant Land of Israel, which states; And showed him יהוה את all the land of את Gilead as far as Dan…and as Moses passes we see only את Y’shua knows what becomes of His friend as Deut 34:6 states. Deut 32:46 states; And but knows no man of את his grave is to this day. The Book of Deuteronomy comes to a close Deut 34:9. Deut 32:46 states; And and Y’hoshua, the son of Nun, was full of the spirit of wisdom; for had laid Moses את his hands upon him: and the Children of Israel listened to him and did as יהוה את commanded Moses; 10 and there has not been a prophet in Israel like Moses, whom יהוה knew face to face…implying both יהוה through את commanded Moses face to face the TWO working together as ONE by ONE SPIRIT to redeem את Children of Israel! (Eph 2:18 For through him we both have access by One Spirit unto the Father)