SHEMOT (names)

Exodus 1:1 Now these are the names of the Children of Israel, which came into Egypt with את Jacob; every man and his household came. 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah, 3 Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin, 4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher. 5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already. 6 And Joseph died and all his brothers and all that generation. C-MATS

Question: How old were Jacob’s sons when they died? Zebulun died in the 72nd year of the going down of the Israelites to Egypt, and Zebulun died at 114 years old. Benjamin was 111 years old at this death. Simeon was 120 years old. Reuben was 125 years old when he died. Dan was 120 years at his death. Issachar was 122 years old at his death. Asher was 123 years old at his death. Gad was 125 years old at his death. Judah was 129 years old at his death, and they embalmed him and put him into a coffin, and he was given into the hands of his children. Naphtali was 132 years old. In the 93rd year in Egypt, Levi was 137 years old when he died. All the sons of Israel were put into a coffin at their deaths and given into the hands of their children. (Jashar)

Exodus 1:7 And the Children of Israel were fruitful and increased abundantly and multiplied and grew exceedingly mighty; and the land was filled אתם with them. 8 Now there rose up a new King over Egypt, who did not know את־ Joseph. C-MATS

Question: When did the enslavement of Israel begin? How long were the Israelites enslaved? The exile of the Israelites began as soon as they entered Egypt, but the enslavement of Israel began after Levi’s death. Joseph, who lived 110 years, was the shortest-lived of the brothers; Levi, who lived 137, was the longest-lived. Therefore the enslavement of Israel was no longer than 116 years (the period from Levi’s passing to the Exodus), and no shorter than 86, the age of Miriam at the time of the Exodus (Miriam, meaning “bitterness”, was so named on account of the bitterness of the exile). (Chumash)

Question: What did Pharaoh want to happen to the Hebrews? The goal of Pharaoh was not slave labor, but the extermination of Israel, because he considered the Hebrews a threat in the event of an invasion. The very location of the cities where they labored was calculated to cause suffering and degradation. The land was marshy and the heavy brick walls would sink and crumble, this forcing the work to be repeated endlessly to little apparent purpose. (Chumash)