Exodus 10:1 And יהוה said to Moses, go in to Pharaoh: for I have hardened את־ his heart וְאת־ and the heart of his servants, that I might show My signs before him: 2 And that you may tell your son and your son’s son, את what I have done in Egypt וְאת־ and My signs which I have done among them; that you may know that I am יהוה. C-MATS
Question: Why did יהוה harden Pharaoh and his servants’ heart? The reason why את hardens Pharaoh’s heart is so that Moses may tell his descendants what את did in Egypt, so that the Israelites and Egyptians may know יהוה Father. Romans 9:17 For the scripture says to Pharaoh, “Even for this same purpose have I raised you up, that I might show my power in you, and that my name might be declared throughout all the earth.” 18 Therefore has he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardens. C-MATS
3 And Moses and Aaron came in to Pharaoh and said to him, יהוה Elohim of the Hebrews said, How long will you refuse to humble yourself before Me? Let My people go that they may serve Me. 4 If אתה you refuse to let go את־ My people, tomorrow I will bring locusts onto your coast. C-MATS
Question: Why did יהוה send locusts to punish Egypt? יהוה punishes “measure for measure.” The Egyptians forced their Hebrew slaves to grow crops, so the locusts devoured the crops. (Chumash)
Question: A wise person learns from his mistakes. Do you think there can be an even higher wisdom than that? While it’s good to learn from mistakes, a real wise person doesn’t have to live them – but can rather observe the mistakes others make, see where they went wrong and take steps not to fall into the same trap.
Question: Moses had a good reputation among the Hebrews and Egyptians. The ‘crown of a good name’ is more valuable than a monarch’s crown of rulership. How do you understand this idea? A big part of having a good ‘name’ or reputation is being someone others know they can trust to keep his word. When we are straight, honest and trustworthy, we give great pleasure to יהוה, influence others to do the same and help in a real way to improve society and the world. Proverbs 22:1 A good name is rather to be chosen than great riches and loving favor rather than silver and gold.
Question: Are there things that are genuinely necessary for us to be happy? Happiness, in truth, is an attitude that comes from within. One person can have everything and still feel miserable. Someone else can seem to have nothing yet feel happy and content. So what is necessary for our happiness is essentially to develop the attitude of appreciating what you have, rather than relying on any specific circumstances. By learning to rely on יהוה and to be happy with whatever situation He sends us, we can literally always be happy.