The author of 1 Samuel is anonymous. It is very possible that Samuel wrote part of this book but other possible contributors may have been the prophets/historians Nathan and Gad, (1 Chron 29:29). Originally, both 1 and 2 Samuel was one book but the translators of the Septuagint separated them and that separation has been retained ever since. The events of 1 Samuel span approximately 100 years, from approximately 1100 B.C. to 1000 B.C. The events of 2 Samuel cover another 40 years. The date of the actual writing would then be sometime after 960 B.C. First Samuel records the history of Israel in the land of Canaan as they move from the rule of judges to being a unified nation under kings and Samuel emerges as the last judge, who anointed the first two kings, Saul and David.
Aleph/Tav את Used in 1 SAMUEL: אֶת et 0 times, אֶת־ et- 362 times, אֵת eet 40 times, אֶת־ Et- 5 times, אֵת Eet 0 time, אָתְּ aat 1 time, אַתְּ at 0 times, אַתְּ־ at- 0 times, = Total 408
Vav/Aleph/Tav ואת Wa‘at וְאַתְּ 1 time, Wa‘eet וְאֵת 17 times, Wa‘et- וְאֶת־ 65 times = 83 Grand Total 491
Aleph/Tav ALERT: The book begins with the story of how the birth of Samuel the prophet came about and in 1 Samuel 1:20 we notice את names the boy which states and she called את his name Samuel…which is not unusual, but in 1 Samuel 2:11 is the most unusual placement of את in any scripture in the Tanakh which states, And the child (Samuel) did minister to את יהוה את before Eli the priest…notice the את actually encloses on either side of יהוה Father’s Memorial Name…implying that Samuel actually ministers to את יהוה (Yah-head) and then through את Y’shua’s presence by the power of the Holy Spirit on him before Eli the priest. Samuel is a very special man and resembles Moses when it comes to the placement of את as in verse 1:25 which states and brought את the child to Eli. 1 Samuel 3:7 states, Now Samuel did not yet know את יהוה (Yah-head)…but just as with Abraham and Moses when the Yah-head calls out to Samuel, they say his name TWICE in 1 Samuel 3:10 which states, And יהוה came and stood and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel…implying it is both יהוה Father and את Y’shua together calling Samuel.
In 1 Samuel 2:12 states, Now the sons of Eli were evil men; they did not know את יהוה (Yah-head)…continuing in verse 2:17 states, for despised the men את offering of יהוה…as we have seen any offering represents את Y’shua presence and it is clear Eli’s sons despised את offering…and יהוה tells Samuel through את that He is going to judge Eli and his sons in 1 Samuel 3:18 which states, And told him (Eli), Samuel את every word and hid nothing from him. As יהוה directs in Chapter 9, Samuel will anoint את Saul the first king of Israel…as in 1 Samuel 9:27 Samuel speaks to Saul and states, but you stand still first, that I may announce to you את word of Elohim…and then Samuel anoints Saul with את oil. In 1 Samuel 12:24 states; Only fear את יהוה and serve Him in truth with all your heart; for consider את how great things He has done for you. After Saul sins Samuel confronts him in 1 Samuel 15:23 and states, Because you have rejected את word of יהוה, he has also rejected you from being king. Saul confesses to 1 Samuel in 15:24 I have sinned; for I have transgressed את commandment of יהוה.
Concerning the Yah-head, it is interesting to notice some comments Y’shua makes about the Holy Spirit, which encompasses the Yah-head and is actually both יהוה Father and את Y’shua together combined and is how they operate together as ONE in ONE SPIRIT (Eph 2:18) as Y’shua describes in John 14:23 If a man love Me, he will keep My words: and My Father will love him, and WE will come unto him, and make Our ABODE (dwelling) with him…taking this verse in context it is implying both יהוה Father and את Y’shua will come in the power of the Comforter (Holy Spirit) together and make their abode with the one who keeps their commandments (Torah). This is why Y’shua had to go away because the outpouring of the Holy Spirit could not take place until Y’shua was back at His throne beside Father as Y’shua explains in John 16:7 It is expedient for you that I go away: for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I depart, I will send Him unto you…implying the protocol is from יהוה Father through the את Y’shua the Son for Y’shua has been given all authority from Father as He states in Matt 28:18 All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. Y’shua explains in verse John 14:28 for My Father is GREATER than I…implying Y’shua came to accomplish Father’s will as He states in John 6:38 For I have come down from heaven, not to do My own will, but the will of Him who sent Me. This is the Yah-head יהוה Father and את Y’shua who speak many times TWICE as recorded in the Tanakh.